Non Surgical Periodontal Theraphy
Slightly swollen, bleeding gums upon flossing is an early indicator of periodontal disease. Left untreated, periodontal disease can advance to foul breath, tooth mobility and eventually tooth loss due to destruction of the bone. We offer treatment for various stages of gum disease to bring the tissues and teeth back to a healthy and functionally state.
- Removal calculus and deep plaque, typically performed in two sessions with half mouth treated per session and done with local anesthetic.
- The first step of treatment is to eliminate all of the known causes of the periodontal disease. Mouth bacteria found in saliva forms colonies on the teeth and tissues, which is called plaque. This clear film of bacteria is the primary cause of periodontal inflammation and breakdown. Calculus (also known as tartar) is formed when salts from the saliva precipitate into the plaque. This forms a hard substance, which adheres tightly to the tooth, similar to barnacles on a boat’s hull. Both the calculus and the plaque must be removed to achieve a successful result. The patient is taught to remove the plaque, while the dental professional must remove the calculus. Initial preparation also includes creating an environment that makes plaque removal by the patient as easy as possible. The following outline lists factors that may be addressed during initial preparation.
- Demonstration of proper oral hygiene procedures to remove surface plaque
- Smoothing or replacement of fillings that do not fit well and thus retain plaque
- Removal of hopeless teeth that may jeopardize good teeth
- Adjustment of bite (occlusal equilibration) if needed
- Minor orthodontics to better align teeth
- Placement of a night guard to prevent clenching at night